Mic peaking is a problem that every microphone user faces at least once in their lifetime and can be a quite struggling issue sometimes, leading to ruining reputable videos, podcasts, and other audio files.
But do we rightly infer how to tackle this difficulty?
Well, this situation usually emerges when our mic is either too sensitive to the sound waves or of below-average quality, speaking loudly can also be a reason for this certain type of distortion.
The use of different audio editing apps can help with the problem to a decent extent.
Here I would also like to suggest my readers don’t hesitate in investing in a good quality mic as doing so would save you from numerous issues that arise because of poor mic quality.
For more comprehensive insight about the mic perking, stay tuned till the end!
What is Microphone Peaking?
Let me start the discussion by giving a brief introduction to peaking.
Microphone peaking can be categorized as a distortion in the audio output when you speak either too loudly or, your microphone is too sensitive for that specific type of voice signal, causing the voice to move perpendicularly out of the mic.
Microphone Peaking can also be a result of a poor-quality microphone. Allowing that you didn’t get your hands on a decent quality microphone, such problems are prevalent with mediocre mics as they are imperfectly oriented, with less attention received by the angles.
If you are recording a video that involves screaming or high-frequency voice notes more than the diaphragm of your mic can support, such problems may occur.
Here is also important to note that you need to use the mic strictly according to the polar patterns.
Let us assume that you are using the figure 8 mic instead of Omni-directional then it may result in a disrupted or peaking sound.
Hence while choosing a mic, it’s necessary to estimate the purpose and direction for which you are using the microphone. Strictly speaking, each microphone does not serve every purpose.
How to Prevent Mic Peaking
The peaking mic is quite delicate to handle as it involves the whole infrastructure of your microphone. It is always advisable don’t try to rectify the issue without gaining proper knowledge priorly.
1- Use of Right Microphone
Firstly choose the right microphone that correctly serves your purpose. For the reader, let me mention that we have microphones based upon different diaphragms and polar patterns.
Each one is used differently, for instance, a ribbon microphone and condenser microphone, one with a small diaphragm and the other one with a large diaphragm.
Both serve entirely different purposes. Change your microphone.
A dynamic microphone is often suggested, as it assists well for the majority of objectives.
2- Use Of Clipping and Editing
Clipping is another reason why the microphone is peaking.
We can understand the clipping of a microphone as when you try to make a sound louder or in other words, amplify than the exceeding the levels it provokes such dilemmas.
Try to pay special attention to the amplifying limits of your device to avoid such issues.
If you try to mix sound output from different resources and the frequency does not match, or parts of any recording are poorly edited, peaking may arise.
To prevent particular cases editing and parallel frequency is necessary. Try not to mix up tracks with delayed sound signals.
Top Tips to Avoid Peaking
If you want to add a loud or screaming effect to your output then I would advise don’t directly scream into the mic.
A reasonable distance should be maintained between the speaker and the microphone to minimize the chances of peaking during the intervals.
A tip that I would like to add here is if you are speaking loudly slightly change your direction away from the mic by turning your face slightly right or left from the mic it would greatly help you to avoid peaking.
Editing is the backbone of all the recordings. Poor editing can ruin all the efforts that you put into the recording. Always use a good audio editing app such as Audacity or Garage band.
You may check some more on the internet. Over editing should also be avoided many times over-editing leads to opposite outcomes.
How to Prevent Mic from Peaking Obs
Obs studio is a mainstream audio editing software that is used by whizzes to add a surrounding effect to their audio output.
But sometimes an issue also arises when the audio through obs is peaking. It can be caused by several issues and here are some techniques to avoid such peaking.
Pay close attention to the volume levels when you start with the obs software. Your audio levels should be maintained in between the yellow and green levels as soon as your audio volume would hit red you will ultimately notice distortion accompanied by peaking.
Use of Compressor Filter
The use of a Compressor filter can be a practical approach to avoid distortion such as peaking.
As the name indicates, the compressor acts to compress the sound by lowering the input sound volume and avoid distortions such as peaking to a maximum level.
It is an automatic gateway to high decibels sound arising from your microphone. It would look up for the originating increased input frequency such as screaming, high notes, etc. that you have set up.
You can set a limit by applying a customized threshold. By selecting a Ratio can you can monitor the proportion of compression you want to attain.
The filter would set up the volume to a low level once that phase has passed volume would automatically be put back to normal.
Use of Limiter
The limiter is another filter that you can apply to get rid of peaking. It is unique as it has a real-time fast attack and a relatively elevated ratio to choose between.
It again works with two filters. Threshold and Release. The threshold for applying the maximum frequency a note can attain and once the audio has reached a maximum level as the name indicates it would cease the signal from getting increased any further.
The release would again work to bring the volume back to the normal level once the threshold for a certain frequency has passed.
By using this filter you can set a time frame in which you want your volume to be restored.
You can download Obs on your computer or another editing device. It is an excellent application and serves reasonably well for its purpose.
Peaking in a microphone can be caused by any reason.
But how you deal with it has a fundamental impact on your audio or video.
Like other distortions, there are tips to avoid such issues. Just like the use of, a good microphone and maintaining a distance between the source of audio and the microphone.
Understanding of audio editing software and the microphone you are using also has a profound influence on the distortion levels.
I tried to give a thorough awareness about peaking, its causes, and effects, and also what you can do to eliminate it. I hope it would be helpful for the majority of readers.